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Table 1

Actual blowing conditions and experimental ranges.

Parameter Actual blowing conditions of human
Experimental ranges for device
Value Variation
Jet angle θ j (°) 39 ±2 35–90
Lip-to-edge distance l/h 5.6 ±0.42 5.0–9.17
Jet offset y j,e/h 0.24 ±0.25 −0.83–1.5
Flow rate Q (L/min) 16.0 ±2 2.0–38.0
Cavity exit height h (mm) 1.2 ±0.1 1.2
Cross-sectional mean jet velocity at cavity exit U 0 (= Q/S 0) (m/s) 21.5 ±2.7 2.69–51.1

S 0 (m2): Cavity exit area.

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