Volume 5, 2021
|Number of page(s)||18|
|Published online||22 October 2021|
Towards 3D printed saxophone mouthpiece personalization: Acoustical analysis of design variations
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, 20156 Milan, Italy
2 Department of Music Acoustics – Wiener Klangstil, University of Music and Performing Arts Vienna, 1030 Vienna, Austria
3 Department of Product Development, University of Antwerp, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 22 September 2021
Saxophonists have different expectations from the saxophone mouthpiece, as it significantly affects the playability and the sound of the instrument. A mass personalization paradigm provides unique products to cater to their needs, using the flexibility of additive manufacturing. The lack of quantitative knowledge on mouthpiece design hinders the personalization attempts. This study aims to lay out how design parameters affect mouthpiece characteristics. Twenty-seven 3D-printed mouthpieces with varying design parameters are used in conjunction with an artificial blowing machine, to determine the acoustical relevance of the various mouthpiece designs on four selected mouthpiece features. The influence of the design parameters is evaluated statistically and via a case study with five saxophonists. The analysis shows that seven out of nine parameters tested affect the mouthpiece characteristics by relatively different amounts. A user study demonstrates that saxophonists confirm the results in 7 of 10 cases, and they prefer personalized mouthpieces in 4 of 5 cases. The results present a key contribution to the understanding of mouthpiece design. The findings provide valuable insights for new mouthpiece design and mouthpiece personalization.
Key words: Single-reed woodwinds / Mass personalization / 3D printing / Mouthpiece design / Artificial blowing
© M. Ozdemir et al., Published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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